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Broadband Horn Antennas

Schwarzbeck Broadband Horn Antennas

Schwarzbeck Double Ridged Horn Antennas

 

Schwarbeck Standard Gain Horn Antennas

 

Schwarzbeck Dual Polarized Horn Antennas

 

A horn antenna is an antenna that consists of a flaring metal waveguide shaped like a horn to direct radio waves in a beam. Horns are widely used as antennas at UHF and microwave frequencies, above 300 MHz. They are used as feeders (called feed horns) for larger antenna structures such as parabolic antennas, as standard calibration antennas to measure the gain of other antennas, and as directive antennas for such devices as radar guns, automatic door openers, and microwave radiometers. Their advantages are moderate directivity (gain), low standing wave ratio (SWR), broad bandwidth, and simple construction and adjustment.
An advantage of horn antennas is that since they have no resonant elements, they can operate over a wide range of frequencies, a wide bandwidth. The usable bandwidth of horn antennas is typically of the order of 10:1, and can be up to 20:1 (for example allowing it to operate from 1 GHz to 20 GHz). The input impedance is slowly varying over this wide frequency range, allowing low voltage standing wave ratio (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR)) over the bandwidth. The gain of horn antennas ranges up to 25 dBi, with 10 - 20 dBi being typical.

 

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